What is a resume?
A resume is a "living" professional introduction of you! The term resume is French, meaning "summary". It is a brief document that highlights and summarizes your experience and qualifications. It's your opportunity to give a potential employer a positive first impression of you and entice them with your abilities so you will be invited to an interview. Therefore, it is important to spend the necessary time, energy, and thought it takes to produce your best resume. Update this document regularly to keep it current.
A resume takes time to complete. It should be well-organized and thought out. To get started, use our Resume Toolbox worksheet so that you have all the information included on paper. Type this information onto a Microsoft Word document. Do not use a template, these show a lack of creativity and originality.
If you need formatting ideas, open the celebrity samples on the right hand side!
You can also use our handy Resume Checklist to ensure that you have all the right content and formats.
What should I include?
The heading of your resume should include your name, mailing address and professional email address. Your full name should be prominently placed at the top of the page.
Download/Print the Heading Tool for help with this section.
A good objective statement verbalizes the job and/or field you are pursuing. It demonstrates the value you bring to the position. It is important to tailor an objective to the position or field to which you are applying.
Download/Print the Objective Tool if you need help with this section.
Your education section should let the employer know the official title of the degree you are receiving (ex: Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts). There is no need to list related and relevant coursework along with your degree. However, specifying your cumulative or major GPA if it is over a 3.0, is a great asset. Be sure that this section is in reverse chronological order (your most recent degree should come first and then work backward). After your sophomore year of college, omit your high school information.
Download/Print the Education Tool if you need help with this section.
Your experience section is where you include your work history, internships and/or other relevant experience. Each experience entry should include your position, the organization you worked for, the dates of employment and a bulleted list of accomplishments. Each accomplishment should begin with a different action verb (click on the link for a helpful list of action verbs).
Download/Print the Experience Tool if you need help with this section.
The most important thing to remember about your resume format is to keep it consistent in style, font and sizes. You want it consistent so it looks clean and sharp.
Some other formatting tips:
- Avoid using resume templates
- Reduce or expand your resume to 1 page in length
- Dates on your resume should be aligned on the right hand side
- List education before experience and keep all entries in reversed chronological order
Other sections that can be found on a resume:
- Honors and awards
- Summary of qualifications
- Volunteer Work
- Community Service
- Related class projects
- Relevant skills/strengths
- Professional Associations
Download/Print the Other Tool if you need help with this section.
If you still are having trouble filling out your resume due to lack of experience, focus on your education and college involvement. Include a Summary of Skills section showcasing your strengths. Be sure to list achievements that indicate leadership ability.
Downlad/Print The Empty Resume if you need help with additional experience.
Many employers ask that a cover letter accompany the resume! A cover letter is formal, customized correspondence officially stating your interest in a job.
Here are some tips about writing that attention-grabbing cover letter!
- Address your cover letter to a specific person, rather than "To whom it may concern" or "Dear Sir or Madam"
- Make sure you spell names of people and the organization correctly
- Use a heading including your name with contact information (refer to the Heading Tool for assistance)
- The body of your cover letter should include:
- An introduction of yourself
- Why are you writing them? What interests you about their position?
- How do your qualifications fit the job?
- Ask for an interview
Download/Print Cover Letters 101 if you need help with this section.
How do I write a references page?
Select your references carefully, they should be able to attest to your positive work-related qualities. Try your best not to include people who only know you in a social setting. It is advisable that you ask past and present employers, faculty members, advisors and coaches to be your references.
Remember to ask your references for permission before you include them in any of your documents. Confirm that they remember who you are, verify their contact information and that they will speak favorably on your behalf.
Be sure to include the following set of information for each reference:
- Full Name (using a proper salutation, such as "Mr." or "Mrs.")
- Mailing Address
- Phone Number
- Email Address