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Stephen F. Austin State University

Higher Order Thinking Skills

Higher-Order Thinking Skills

The definition of higher-order thinking comes from Thomas and Thorne (2008). This definition was used to design Make An Impact @ SFA! Higher order thinking skills (HOTS) take thinking to deeper levels than just restating facts. HOTS require that we apply the facts that we learn. These skills are commonly defined based on Bloom's Taxonomy, which examines and categorizes different levels of thinking. The levels of thinking for Bloom's Taxonomy, starting from lowest to highest are: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.

In order to promote HOTS within the classroom, students must not only have a basic knowledge and comprehension of concepts but be able to apply what they are learning through hands on activities. By stimulating critical thinking; students will be likely to learn how to be self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective in their thinking process. Projects and assignments should include questions that challenge students to clarify their understanding, come up with reasons and evidence for their thinking, define their viewpoints and perspectives, determine implications and consequences, and evaluate concepts.