Disability Services Faculty & Staff Disability and Accommodations

General Accomodations Disability Accomodations



Hearing loss may vary in degree and type of auditory disorder; deafness causes inability to hear and/or difficulty communicating; may cause difficulty with speech, reading and writing skills.

Limitations may include:

  • understanding instructions
  • discriminating sounds, i.e. speech, frequency
  • verbal communication/interaction
  • speech clarity
  • context meaning of sounds
  • balance/motor coordination
  • problems in conceptualization
  • tendency toward taking things in concrete ways

Accommodations may include:

  • note taking assistance
  • seating in the front/near speaker for lip reading
  • FM System
  • speaker facing class during lecture
  • written supplement to oral instructions, assignments, and directions
  • repeated questions/comments from other students
  • extended test time and access to word processor
  • use of interpreter for lecture and exam instructions
  • use of email, fax or word processor for discussions with instructor
  • use of captioning/interpreting for video/film presentations


Communication Tips:

  • Look directly at the person and speak slowly, especially if the person wishes to lip-read.
  • If there is a sign language interpreter present, speak to the individual, not the interpreter.
  • Be flexible. If the person doesn’t understand something, reword it instead of simply repeating it.
  • Do not shout. It may not be necessary or appropriate. Ask the person how loud you need to speak to be heard.
  • Don’t use sign language unless you are qualified to do so. You can always use a pad and pencil to communicate if it becomes necessary.
  • Ask short questions that require only short answers if possible.
  • To get a person’s attention, tap the person on the shoulder or wave your hand.
  • Directly face a person who is lip-reading. You may also want to speak a little bit slower. Be aware that a mustache may hinder lip-readers. Don’t gesture too much around your face when speaking to a lip-reader. Try not to have a bright light behind you because it leaves your face in a shadow.
  • Position a signing interpreter so that he or she is near you and visible.
  • Don’t refer to a deaf person as “deaf and dumb.” Some people who are deaf speak, others are “nonverbal.


General Communication Tips

Communication Tips for Speech Disorders

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