Stephen F. Austin State University

Orientation and Mobility


Welcome to the Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Program. Since 1972 our program has been training students to work with persons who are blind or visually impaired.

As Orientation and Mobility Specialists, our graduates provide children and adults with visual disabilities those skills and services which will enable them to move independently in familiar and unfamiliar environments. Graduates from the O&M Training Program work for state rehabilitation agencies, lighthouses for the blind, schools for the blind, and school districts throughout the State of Texas and elsewhere in the United States.

The O&M program is offered at both the undergraduate and graduate level. Students who complete the O&M program will be eligible to be nationally certified by the Academy for the Certification of Vision Rehabilitation and Education Professionals (ACVREP).

If you are interested in more information on the Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Training Program, contact the program by mail or email at:

Tracy Hallak
SFASU Orientation & Mobility Training Program
PO Box 13019 - SFA
Nacogdoches, TX 75962

Phone: 936.468.1173


It is the mission of the Visual Impairment Preparation (VIP) Program to train Teachers of students with Visual Impairments (TVIs) and Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists (COMS) who are practically and pragmatically prepared to meet the needs of persons with visual impairments across the state of Texas and in the nation as a whole. We believe that completers from our program should be equipped to effectively deliver instructional services which provide opportunities for students and clients with visual impairments to be more independent, lead more meaningful lives, and participate to a greater extent in society at large. In order to meet these goals, we believe that it is our responsibility to mentor and educate our graduates in the importance of exhibiting caring and compassionate approaches to instruction and positive beliefs about the worth of all individuals regardless of age, gender, race, sexual orientation or level of disability.

Grant funding is often available for students in the O&M program. Funded slots are, however, allocated on a competitive basis. Applications for the grant funds are due the third Monday of March each year.


Students at the undergraduate level are required to have major and minor in another area. While no specific area is required, many of our students complete their degrees in Rehabilitation Services. In order to add a concentration in O&M, students are required to complete the following courses:

• RHB 325 - Foundations in Visual Impairment
• RHB 340 - Structure and Function of the Visual System
• SPE 442 - Programming for Students with Multiple and Visual Impairments
• SPE 445 - Basic Concepts in Orientation and Mobility
• RHB 400 - Beginning Clinical Practicum in O&M (blindfold)
• RHB 401 - Intermediate Clinical Practicum in O&M
• RHB 402 - Advanced Clinical Practicum in O&M
• RHB 495 - Internship I
• RHB 496 - Internship II
• RHB 493 - Low Vision


Students who are admitted to the O&M program at the graduate level are required to have a baccalaureate degree. Admission occurs once per year during the summer. Students are required to come to Stephen F. Austin for six weeks of training in basic orientation and mobility (SPE 500). Housing and meals are provided through grant funding while students are in residence on our campus. After SPE 500 has been completed, students typically finish their training in their home location. Courses that are required for the certificate include:

• SPE 500 - Beginning Clinical Practicum in O&M (6 hours)
• SPE 516 - Structure and Function of the Eye
• SPE 515 - Foundations in Visual Impairment
• SPE 518 - Basic Concepts in O&M
• SPE 519 - Low Vision
• SPE 552- Instructional Methods for Students who have Multiple Impairments including Vision
• SPE 593 - Intermediate Clinical Practicum in O&M
• SPE 594 - Advanced Clinical Practicum in O&M
• SPE 595 - Internship I (6 hrs.)

Course Sequence

Faculty & Staff

Mr. Michael Munro - Program Director
Ms. Tracy Hallak - COMS/TVI
Ms. Deborah 'Cricket' Cady - TVI/COMS
Dr. Phoebe Okungu - TVI
Ms. Heather Munro -TVI/COMS
Ms. DJ Dean - TVI/COMS

Ms. Donna Wood - Program/Grant Specialist

Visual Impairment Preparation Program
PO Box 13019-SFA Station
Nacogdoches, TX 75962

Additional Information and VIP Program Handbook for O&M & TVI

For additional information click on the following link for a Q&A and links to the applications needed:

PCOE Program Report